Psychology and Law: Truthfulness, Accuracy and Credibility

By Amina Memon; Aldert Vrij et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 8
JURY DECISION MAKING
The Jury System in Different Countries148
Empirical Research on Juries: Methodology149
Juror Characteristics150
How the Social Perceptions of Jurors May Influence Decisions152
Social Identity and Juror Decisions152
Prior Character Evidence153
Publicity Before and During the Trial155
The Story Model159
Evidence160
Aiding Juries165
Judge/Lawyer Characteristics166
Jury Deliberation166
Summary and Conclusion167

Trial by a jury of one's peers has long been considered in many countries to be the centrepiece of the judicial system (Penrod & Heuer, 1998). Empirical research on juries has focused largely on the variables that may influence the decisions of individual jurors and juries—for example, the characteristics of the participants (actual jurors or a jury-eligible sample, defendants, judges and lawyers), case characteristics, trial procedures, pretrial information and the deliberation process (Devine et al., 2000). This chapter will describe some of the empirical research on jurors and juries. It will also review the different research methods and theoretical approaches relating to the processes governing jury decision making. We will begin with a brief review of the jury system in different countries (see Vidmar, 2002, for more details).

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Psychology and Law: Truthfulness, Accuracy and Credibility
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • About the Authors ix
  • Preface xi
  • Chapter 1 - Introduction 1
  • Chapter 2 - Telling and Detecting Lies 7
  • Chapter 3 - Facial Appearance and Criminality 37
  • Chapter 4 - Interviewing Suspects 57
  • Chapter 5 - Interviewing Witnesses 87
  • Chapter 6 - Psychological Factors in Eyewitness Testimony 107
  • Chapter 7 - False Memories 127
  • Chapter 8 - Jury Decision Making 147
  • Chapter 9 - The Role of Expert Witnesses 169
  • References 181
  • Index 221
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