1. Francis Spufford, The Child That Books Built: A Life in Reading (London: Faber, 2002), p.9.
2. On the rise of what I have elsewhere called biblio-autobiography (that is, the chronicle of life told in terms of books read), see my “Epilogue: Falling Asleep over the History of the Book,” PMLA 121 (2006): 229–34. Besides Spufford's memoir, another brilliant version of this kind of narrative is Alberto Manguel, A History of Reading (New York: Knopf, 1999), and also his A Reading Diary (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004).
3. Philippe Ariès, Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life, trans. Robert Baldick (New York: Knopf, 1962); originally L'Enfant et la vie familiale sous l'ancien régime (Paris: Plon, 1960). For an important reassessment of Ariès's achievement, and its implications for the scholarly study of the history of childhood, see Margaret L. King, “Concepts of Childhood: What We Know and Where We Might Go,” Renaissance Quarterly 60 (2007): 371–407.
4. Among the many studies that have sought to recover a history of childhood in the pre-modern period, see in particular Mark Golden, Children and Childhood in Classical Athens (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990); Beryl Rawson, Children and Childhood in Roman Italy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003); Steven Ozment, Ancestors: The Loving Family in Old Europe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001); Nicholas Orme, Medieval Children (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001); C. John Sommerville, The Discovery of Childhood in Puritan England (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992); and the two-volume History of the European Family, edited by David I. Kertzer and Marzio Barbagli: Family Life in Early Modern Times, 1500–1789, and Family Life in the Long Nineteenth Century, 1789–1913 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001, 2002). For a full bibliography on the historical study of childhood, see the material in King, “Concepts of Childhood,” pp. 398–407.
5. Marx Wartofsky, “The Child's Construction of the World and the World's Construction of the Child: From Historical Epistemology to Historical Psychology,” in The