Some Final Thoughts
There is no doubt that the world is changing and relationships between countries are evolving in different ways. Business has led this process, as the global economy has taken shape and organizations such the World Trade Organization have added members and increased their influence. Cross-cultural industrial/organizational psychology researchers have begun to address the issues facing managers and organizations in this new and evolving organizational environment. During the past thirty years or so, there has been an increasing interest in countrybased similarities and differences in leadership, managerial style, organizational practices, values, training, and selection. Government policies and regional and global trade treaties have also served to drive how organizations behave. International management issues will play an increasingly important role in organizations and organizational practices.
However, theory development and research endeavors have not yet reached a level that allows for most of the cultural similarities and differences to be identified accurately, analyzed, and applied effectively. It still remains true that most theory development has occurred in the United States and other Western countries. As a result, a significant portion of the research conducted to date has relied on American theories to drive the hypotheses being tested, and the examination of theories developed for the United States in non-Western cultures predominates. It is also true that the majority of publications that disseminate the research findings are American and European, and that English is the primary language used to report the research results. If research has been undertaken in other countries, it is either not easy to find or it is unlikely that the results have been shared outside the country where the research was conducted.
Having said that, there are numerous trends that suggest that the future is bright for conducting research in other countries and that this research will assist in providing both new theoretical frameworks for