1. Hours later we saw its verbally outspoken expressions on Al-Jazeera.
2. I was told that on this day all foreigners should stay inside and not show their faces for fear of being attacked.
3. Kharijieh, the word for foreigner in Farsi, is allied etymologically to “standing out” (kharig in Hebrew).
4. Islamic scholar Johannes Jansen (2001), however, suggests that “the Muslim world, for very sad reasons, is much more violent than Christian or Israeli societies. If you are a fundamentalist in an Arabic country, force seems to be the only logical choice, as there are so very few means to spread your views peacefully. You cannot be elected and you have no right to elect. If these two rights are denied and you have fundamentalist leanings, the possibility of a violent reaction is much more to be expected than in an American, European, or Israeli context. To a large extent, the present leaders in the Muslim world, the present political elite of the Middle East, are responsible for the violent character of Muslim fundamentalism. Fundamentalists almost mirror the violent character of their own societies.”
1. The letter is reproduced as Appendix A to this volume.
2. Heinrich Racker (1968) suggests that “the intention to understand creates a certain predisposition … to identify oneself with the analysand, which is the basis for comprehension…. The analyst may achieve this by … identifying each part of his personality with the corresponding psychological part in the patient” (p. 134). But the analyst not only identifies with the analysand, experiencing