Memory and Amnesia: The Role of the Spanish Civil War in the Transition to Democracy

By Paloma Aguilar; Mark Oakley | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 3
THE MEMORY OF WAR AND
THE LESSONS OF PEACE IN THE
DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION

At the end of 1975, after the death of General Franco, a gradual process of liberalisation and a movement towards increasing openness commenced within the régime, undertaken by the Francoist institutions themselves. What is known as the Spanish Transition has been the subject of numerous sociological and historical works.1 Our task, therefore, is not to offer an entire reconstruction of the process, but to try to contribute certain new insights to the existing analysis in order to enrich the general overview of this period and contribute to a better understanding of it.

In spite of all the uncertainties that surrounded the slow transformation of the Franco régime, there were many, both inside Spain and abroad, who appeared to forecast, if not the process which was to be

1. Among the historians, we might highlight, in particular, Raymond Carr and Juan
Pablo Fusi (1979; 1985): Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy, as well as Santos Juliá (in
Manuel Tuñón de Lara (dir.) (1992): Historia de España. Transición y Democracia
(1973–1985), Volume X**). Studies of the Transition based on the perspective of polit-
ical science and sociology are much more numerous; we might highlight, among
others, those produced by Juan José Linz (1978; 1987), Víctor Pérez Díaz (1987; 1993),
José María Maravall (1982; 1985), Julián Santamaría (1981), José Ramón Montero and
Leonardo Morlino (1994), Richard Gunther and Roger A. Blough (1980), Donald Share
(1986) and many others. The book by José Félix Tezanos, Ramón Cotarelo and Andrés
de Blas (1989) features an extensive bibliography of the Transition compiled by José
Antonio Gómez Yáñez. The study by Ramón Cotarelo (comp.) (1992) features another
bibliographic compilation.

-149-

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Memory and Amnesia: The Role of the Spanish Civil War in the Transition to Democracy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acronyms ix
  • Glossary xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Acknowledgements for the English Edition xv
  • Foreword for the English Edition xvi
  • Preface xviii
  • Chapter 1 - Regarding Memory, Learning and Amnesia 1
  • Chapter 2 - From the Justifiication of War to the Exaltation of Peace 29
  • Chapter 3 - The Memory of War and the Lessons of Peace in the Democratic Transition 149
  • Economic and Social Characteristics of the Transition 152
  • Conclusion 265
  • Bibliography 271
  • Tables 291
  • Graphs 313
  • Appendices 319
  • Index 324
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