The Genesis of Modern Sport
The formal characterization of modern sport encountered at the close of Chapter 1 commands considerable sympathy among historians and sociologists. But the transition from ancient to modern sport occurred irregularly and over centuries and was neither exclusive to the West nor linear. Rather, it was characterized by interminable hiccups of time and place. Coakley (2001) has usefully adapted Guttman's model to spell out some of the more significant changes that took place between the ancient games at Olympia and the emergence of modern sport in England, emphasizing in particular shifts during the medieval period (500–1300) and from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment (1300–1800). His revisions are summarized in Table 2.1.
Table 2.1 Historical comparison of organized games, contests, and sport activities