Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer

By Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy; Irene S. Lemos | Go to book overview

8

COMING TO TERMS WITH THE PAST:
IDEOLOGY AND POWER IN LATE
HELLADIC IIIC

Joseph Maran

This chapter aims to define the evidence for the restoration of ideology and power in Late Helladic IIIC and to answer the question, 'What may the phenomena of a seeming reestablishment of political power signify?'1 In confronting this topic I should begin by mentioning that I will concentrate on the Argolid, and especially on the site of Tiryns. I choose this procedure not so much because this is the site which I know best, nor because I think that the so-called 'periphery' of the Mycenaean world cannot significantly contribute to our understanding of the mentioned subject. The importance of Tiryns lies rather in the fact that it is currently the only Mycenaean centre, where on the basis of the available archaeological record a comparison between the circumstances in the palatial and post-palatial periods can be attempted. The concentration on the Argolid, though, inevitably has as its consequence that the conclusions which I will reach cannot be assumed to apply to other regions. On the other hand, it seems of particular importance for a better knowledge of the still insufficiently known transition between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age to select a regional approach. Moreover, I would like to emphasise that it is in the nature of the subject of my paper that I will at many points pick up observations and suggestions, which were already made by others, and above all by K. Kilian and S. Deger-Jalkotzy.

1 I would like to thank the following for their valuable contributions to this paper: Melissa Vetters
for her assistance in finding the documentation of the old excavations in the Tiryns archive in the
German Archaeological Institute in Athens, Elizabeth French for her important comments on
the post-palatial sequence in the Citadel House Area of Mycenae, Maria Kostoula for stimulat-
ing discussions on the composition of the Tiryns treasure, Olga Krzyszkowska for sharing infor-
mation on the correspondence between A. J. B. Wace and Sir Arthur Evans with me, Hartmut
Matthäus for the discussion on the reconstruction of the large tripod of the Tiryns treasure, Peter
Marzolff for the help in interpreting the documentation of the 'Schatzhausgrabung', Georg
Nightingale for providing information on Mycenaean jewellery and Jerry Rutter for reading the
article and for making many helpful suggestions on various of its topics. Special thanks go to
Klaus Messmer for his outstanding drawings of the objects and the reconstruction of the Tiryns
treasure

-123-

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