THE DEBTS that I have accumulated in producing this book can never be repaid with a few words on a few pages. Now that it is done, the dozens of people who have assisted me, who have supported me through years of doubt and anguish, come into focus. I can thank only a few of them here, but they are all forever in my heart. A number of people read portions of the manuscript, challenged my ideas in conversation, or stimulated my development with their own work. They include Kristy Anderson, Pamela Bordelon, John Bracey, Elsa Barkley Brown, Sundiata ChaJua, Nahum Chandler, Karen Fields, Donnette Francis, Thomas Glave, Sean Green, Kenneth Hamilton, Gwendolyn Midlo Hall, Obrey Hendricks, Darlene Clark Hine, Robin D. G. Kelley, Jeffrey Kerr-Ritchie, Clayton King, Agustin Lao, Ricardo Laremont, Earl Lewis, Maria Lugones, Elias Mandela, Akbar Muhammed, Hector Myers, Nell Irvin Painter, Donald Quataert, Anibal Quijano, Arnold Rampersad, Barbara Ransby, Joao Reis, David Roediger, Julie Saville, Nayan Shah, Tracey Sharpley-Whiting, Kathryn Kish Sklar, Judy Tanzer, Darryl Thomas, Dale Tomich, Joe Trotter, Cheryl Wall, Cornel West, Michael West, Ivy Wilson, Leo Wilton, and Lisa Yun.
The work of historians depends on documents. Some are easily accessible and others buried in unlikely places. A marvelous group of scholars searched out some of these documents for me, sometimes taking time away from their own work to do so. Elsa