A Necessary Engagement: Reinventing America's Relations with the Muslim World

By Emile A. Nakhleh | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY

Adl — (justice); 'adalat or 'adil in Muslim countries outside the Arab world. It is a very important concept in Islam, and several Islamic political parties and movements use this word in their official name.

AM al-Bayt—(people of the house of the Prophet Muhammad). The group from which the successor to Muhammad should hail, according to Shia Islam. It is also an Iranian-supported organization that promotes Shia proselytization and pro-Iranian activities in Muslim countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia.

Ashura — The tenth of the Muslim month of Muharram when Shia Muslims commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Husayn, son of the fourth Caliph 'Ali and grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, at Karbala (modern-day Iraq) in 680 C.E.

Ayatollah — (Sign of God). The title of a highly respected Shia religious scholar.

bay'a — The Muslim community's declaration of allegiance to the incoming leader of the community or the ruler.

dar al-harb — (house of war). A reference to non-Muslim territory.

dar al-Islam — (house of Islam). A reference to Muslim territory.

da'wa — (call Islamic). Proselytization of the faith; written dakwa in Southeast Asia.

Deoband — A Muslim school of thought and a body of belief in South Asia. The major Deoband university is located outside Delhi, India.

fiqh — Islamic jurisprudence.

fatwa — Formal legal opinion or ruling on a religious question, ranging from personal hygiene to violent jihad, by a mufti or a religious leader authorized to issue a fatwa. In recent years, fatwas have been issued by radical leaders, such as Usama Bin Ladin, who are not qualified to issue fatwas.

fitna — (burn). In political situations, the term refers to sedition, social unrest, or antiregime activities.

Fuqaha'al-jihad — (scholars of jihad). Saudi and other radical clerics who have issued fatwas or other rulings justifying violent jihad against “enemies” of Islam.

Hadith — Narrative report or sayings of the Prophet Muhammad; Sahih al-Bukhari, written in the ninth century C.E., is a major source of Hadith.

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A Necessary Engagement: Reinventing America's Relations with the Muslim World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Author's Note ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Chapter 1 - Political Islam and Islamization 1
  • Chapter 2 - Intelligence, Political Islam, and Policymakers 37
  • Chapter 3 - Public Diplomacy: Issues and Attitudes 71
  • Chapter 4 - Public Diplomacy: a Blueprint 101
  • Conclusion - Looking Ahead 140
  • Acknowledgments 145
  • Glossary 147
  • Sources Cited 151
  • Index 155
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