Lincoln on Race and Slavery

By Abraham Lincoln; Donald Yacovone et al. | Go to book overview

4

Temperance Address:
CW, 1:278–279

Although early in his career Lincoln sold alcohol in his New Salem store, once he rose in the legal profession and entered the middle class, he adopted temperance principles. Temperance advocates, much like the modern antidrug movement, identified addiction as the root cause of social disintegration and threats to the family. While some proponents advanced total abstinence as the only means to end the threat posed by alcohol, others sought only an end to the manufacture and sale of distilled (but not fermented) beverages. In either case, temperance reformers marshaled impressive statistics on the terrible impact of alcohol or crafted passionate essays, books, and novels to advance the cause. Every state and most localities could boast of a temperance society, and one's career as a public figure or as a businessman might depend upon a reputation for probity and temperance. The loss of liberty through addiction represented a natural corollary to the loss of liberty in slavery, as Lincoln affirmed in this 1842 address at an Illinois Presbyterian church on the birthday of George Washington—a figure who loomed large in temperance circles. Lincoln condemned the tyranny of drink and slavery, hoping for the day when both scourges would be eliminated from the earth. His lofty vision, a future in which “there shall be neither a slave nor a drunkard on the earth,” honored the memory of the nation's Founding Father, but rendered African Americans as little more than an abstraction. Most important, the address provides keen insight into Lincoln's view of social reformers. He preferred the modest, voluntary approach of the Washingtonians—usually former alcoholics who saw those addicted to drink as victims, rather than sinners, and tried to lead them to good health and stability—and repudiated strident temperance measures and the radical reformers' penchant for denouncing the sin and the sinner. Such an approach, he thought, was foolishly counterproductive and calculated to alienate those whom advocates sought to reach. “It is an old and a true maxim, that a 'drop of honey catches

-11-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Lincoln on Race and Slavery
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 346

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.