1. I refer to the law throughout this book as McCain-Feingold; this has remained the most common term for it. For details of the roll-call vote, see “Campaign Finance Overhaul/Passage. (in Sen.) HR 2356.” http://library.cqpress.com/congress/ wr20021130-0000000037 (accessed November 29, 2005). Originally published in CQ Weekly 2002, vol. 60 (Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 2002).
2. Karen Foerstel, “As Groups File Lawsuits, Bush Spurns Signing Ceremony for 'Flawed' Fundraising Law,” CQ Weekly, March 30, 2002, 868.
3. For example, in late 2004, 44 percent of respondents to a Pew poll said that “books that contain dangerous ideas should be banned from public school libraries.” See Pew Research Center, Mapping the Political Landscape 2005 (Washington, DC: Pew Research Center, 2005), 88. As for free speech and campaign finance, William Mayer notes that “the public strongly supports limits—of just about any kind—on campaign contributions and spending.” See William Mayer, “Public Attitudes on Campaign Finance,” in A User's Guide to Campaign Finance Reform, ed. Gerald C. Lubenow (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001), 53–59.
4. A more extended argument connecting money and speech may be found in chapter 1.
5. See the analysis of survey data in J. Tobin Grant and Thomas J. Rudolph, “Value Conflict, Group Affect, and the Issues of Campaign Finance,” American Journal of Political Science 47 (July 2003): 453–69.
6. Senator John McCain, 107th Cong., 2nd sess., Congressional Record (2002), 148:S2109.
7. Ibid., S2139.
8. Senator Fred Thompson, 107th Cong., 2nd sess., Congressional Record (2002), 148:S2110.
9. Senator Thomas Daschle, 107th Cong., 2nd sess., Congressional Record (2002), 148:S2110–1.