I thank the Society of Jesus for teaching me when I was young and giving me meaningful work now when I am older, the New York Province for the time and the means to get away and write, and the Saint Peter's College Jesuit community for being my home. I had special help at the beginning from Jesuits and scholars John Padberg, S.J., Jack O'Callaghan, S.J., Joseph Novak, S.J., Gerald McKevitt, S.J., and R. Emmett Curran, who helped me line up the proper themes, sent me books and articles, and, in Emmett's case, meticulously read much of the manuscript. The Jesuit community libraries at Fordham, Fairfield, and Loyola New Orleans and the Woodstock Library at Georgetown lent me books. The Saint Peter's College reference staff, and the archivists of the New York Province, Boston College, and the New England Province were generous with their help.
Inevitably a name has been lost, but the following men and women helped me in countless ways. They sent me books, articles, dissertations, and original manuscripts. They provided statistics, made suggestions, read and critiqued chapters, and, in some cases, read the whole manuscript. They gave me hospitality at their villas or a desk to work on, or prayers, advice, and the emotional support of friendship. They are Charles Allen, S.J., Bruce Bavinger, S.J., Jason Berry, Henry Bertels, S.J., Jean Yearwood Brown, William Byron, S.J., Charles E. Curran, Tom Curran, Robert Emmett Curran, Charlie Currie, S.J., Thomas Clarke, S.J., Jerome Coll, S.J., Peter Conroy, S.J., Richard Costello, S.J., Daniel A. Degnan, S.J., Richard Dimler, S.J., Jim Dockery Kevin Doyle, Ed Durkin, S.J., Jim Dwyer, Harvey Egan, S.J., Kerry Falloon, Al Fiorino, S.J., Mary Ellen Gallagher, Thomas Gaunt, S.J., Anne Gearity, Phillip Gleason, Ed Glynn, S.J., Mark Graceffo, James Grummer, S.J., Roger Haight, S.J., the John Holl family, Brian Hopkins, Pauline Heaney, Simon Hendry, S.J. Leon Hooper, S.J., David Horn, Alice Howe, George Hunt, S.J., Thomas Jablonsky, Michael and Kathy Jeary George Kearney, Bob Keck, S.J. Preston Kendall, Thomas Kenny,