Appaduiai, Arjun (1996) Modernity at Large. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. An influential anthropologist looks at globalization, identifying themes and methods appropriate for anthropology and arguing throughout that globalization, far from being a source of homogenization, creates tension and unevenness.
Bauman, Zygmunt (1998) Globalization - Vie Human Consequences. New “York: Columbia University Press. Written by the famous Polish-English social theorist known for his theoretical analyses of modernity and post-modernity, this book describes new forms of inequality, surveillance and risk resulting from tighter integration.
Chua, Amy (2003) World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability. London: Heinemann. Strikingly written, provocative and wide-ranging study (by a law professor, but there isn't much law here!) of the tense relationship between ethnic elites (like Chinese in Indonesia, Lebanese in West Africa etc.) and majorities in democratizing societies.
Cohen, Robin (1997) Global Diasporas. London: Roudedge. A global overview, with historical depth, of diasporic populations, describing diverse migration routes and adaptations to host societies.
Flannery, Tim (2006) The Weather Makers: The History and Future Impact of Climate Change. London: Penguin. Not a strictly academic book, this is nevertheless one of the best and most authoritative studies of climate change. Amply documented, revealing vulnerability and interconnectedness, as well as adding the depth of ecological time to the study of global processes.
Frank, Andre Gunder (1998) Re ORIENT: Global Eonomy in the Asian Age. Berkeley: University of California Press. A critique of world system theory by one of its long-standing supporters, this book argues against Eurocentric views of globalization. It claims that Europe was at the centre of transnational processes only for a few centuries, and that the focus has now shifted (back?) to the Pacific.