1. Deposition of Charles Franklin Crosby, June 19, 1914, Civil War Pension File of Frank Nunn (alias Charles Franklin Crosby), 86th USCI, RG 15.
4. For more information on the WPA narratives, see Norman R. Yetman, “The Background of the Slave Narrative Collection, American Quarterly 19 (fall 1967): 534–53; George P. Rawick, The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, vol. 1, From Sundown to Sunup: The Making of the Black Community (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1972), xiii–xxi; John W. Blassingame, “Using the Testimony of Ex-Slaves: Approaches and Problems,” in Revisiting Blassingame's “The Slave Community”: The Scholar's Respond, ed. Al-Tony Gilmore (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1978), 169–93; Paul D. Escott, “The Art and Science of Reading WPA Slave Narratives,” in The Slave Narrative, ed. Charles T. Davis and Henry Louis Gates (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985), 41–58.
5. James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 306n.
6. Maris Vinovskis, “Have Social Historians Lost the Civil War? Some Preliminary Demographic Speculations,” Journal of American History 76 (June 1989): 54.
7. “CIA—World Fact Book—United States,” http://22.214.171.124/cia/publications/factbook/geos/us.html.
8. Donald R. Shaffer, After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), 133.
9. Ibid., 129.