CRITICAL—Operating with careful reasoned judgment based on close scrutiny of the subject in hand.
DEUTERONOMIST—That literary source of the Pentateuch found primarily in the book of Deuteronomy.
ELOHIST—An early literary source of the Pentateuch usually dated about the ninth century. The name derives from the word Elohim used to designate God throughout most of this source.
FORM CRITICISM—The study of the history and function of the forms in which traditions or messages are communicated.
LITERARY—Having to do with the process of creating and writing a document or portion thereof.
ORAL—Having to do with the handing down of information, beliefs, and forms by word of mouth.
PRIESTLY WRITING—The latest of the literary sources of the Pentateuch usually dated in the time of the exile. The name derives from a worship emphasis found throughout this source.
REDACTION CRITICISM—The study of how literary materials are organized, interpreted, and modified by an author or editor.
TRADITION—The process of handing down information, beliefs, and customs from one generation to another and the information, beliefs, and customs thus handed down.
YAHWIST—The earliest of the literary sources of the Pentateuch usually dated about the time of David. The name derives from the word Yahweh which predominates as the name for God in this source.