Moved to Action: Motivation, Participation, and Inequality in American Politics

By Hahrie Han | Go to book overview

APPENDIX A

Issue Public Measures from the 1980,
1984, 1996, 2000, and 2004 American
National Election Studies
Questions assessing issue public membership in each of the cross-sectional studies of the American National Election Studies (ANES) read as follows:1980: “Using the blue card [an ANES ioo-point thermometer], tell me: how important is it to you that the government (continue/change) what it is doing so that it (stays close/comes closer) to your own position on this issue?” The variable was recoded such that only respondents who answered “ioo” were coded as being in the issue public. The issues included on this survey were government aid to minorities, government services versus spending, defense spending, government action on inflation versus unemployment, government support for jobs and a standard of living versus letting people get ahead on their own, women's equality, U.S. policy toward Russia, and abortion.1984: “How important is it to you that the federal government do what you think is best on this issue of XXX?” 4 = Extremely important; 3 = Very important; 2 = Somewhat important; 1 = Not important at all. Issue public members were coded as those who answered “Extremely important.” The issues included on this survey were government services versus spending, government support for jobs and a standard of living versus letting people get ahead on their own, women's equality, and U.S. policy toward Central America.The 1996, 2000, and 2004 surveys all asked the question as follows: “How important is this issue to you personally?” 4 = Extremely important; 3 = Very important; 2 = Somewhat important; 1 = Not too important; o = Not important at all. Issue public members were coded as those who answered “Extremely important.”
In 1996 the issues included on the survey were government aid to minorities, government services versus spending, defense spending, protecting the environment versus protecting jobs and a standard of living, and abortion.
In 2000 the issues included on the survey were toughening environmental regulations, gun control, and abortion.
In 2004 the issues included on the survey were government aid to blacks, government aid to Hispanics, government services versus spending, defense spending, government support for jobs and a standard of living versus letting people get ahead on their own, women's equality, gun control, and abortion.

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