Peru: Society and Nationhood in the Andes

By Peter Flindell Klarén | Go to book overview

Chronology
2500 B.C.Beginnings of village farming and fishing
1800 B.C.Introduction of corn, development of irrigation, and beginnings of ceramics
800 B.C.Chavín, first Pan-Andean civilization
100 B.C.Rise of the coastal cultures of Moche and Nasca
A.D. 600Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku) and Huari (Wari) Empires flourish in the southern Andes
A.D. 850–900City of Chan-Chan constructed as the capital of the Chimor Empire near Trujillo
A.D. 1200–1400Formative period of the Incas
A.D. 1400–1500Inca imperial expansion
1492Spanish reconquest completed, Jews expelled from the Iberian Peninsula, and Columbus encounters a “New World,” inaugurating a biological and cultural exchange
1525Death of Huayna Capac ignites Inca civil war
1532Arrival of Spanish in Peru; Pizarro captures Atahualpa at Cajamarca
1532–72Period of Spanish conquest
1533Spaniards capture Cuzco
1534Franciscan order arrives in Peru
1535Pizarro founds the City of the Kings, or Lima
1536Rebellion of Manco Inca; formation of neo-Inca state at Vitcos, Vilcabamba
1537Almagro returns from Chile and rebels
1538Pizarro defeats Almagro at the Battle of Salinas
1541Pizarro is assassinated
1542Audiencia established in Lima; the crown decrees New Laws to limit the enslavement of Indians and the encomienda
1543Viceroyalty of Peru created with its capital in Lima
1544Gonzalo Pizarro's coup kills Viceroy Blasco Núnez de Vela
1545Discovery of silver mines at Cerro Rico (Potosí)

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