Peru: Society and Nationhood in the Andes

By Peter Flindell Klarén | Go to book overview

Bibliographical Essay*

General Surveys

The best, most comprehensive, and up-to-date survey is Nelson Manrique et al., Nuestra historia, 4 vols. (Lima, 1995). Also valuable is Duccio Bonavia and Franklin Pease G. Y., Perú: hombre e historia, 3 vols. (Lima, 1991–93). Older but still useful are Juan Mejía Baca (ed.), Historia del Perú, 12 vols. (Lima, 1980) and Julio Cotler, Closes, estado y natión en el Peró (Lima, 1978). The classic is Jorge Basadre's Historia de la República del Peru, 1822–1933, 10 vols. (10th ed., Lima, 1983). A superb recent interpretative analysis, which focuses on the twentieth century, is Sinesio López Jiménez, Ciudadanos reales e imaginarios: concep- ciones, desarrollo y mapas de la ciudadama en el Peru (Lima, 1997).

There are numerous general histories in English, all somewhat dated. Magnus Mörner's The Andean Past: Land, Societies and Conflicts (New York, 1985) covers the three countries that formed the Inca Empire (Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador) and is mainly social and economic in emphasis. See also various chapters in The Cambridge History of Latin America (CHLA), vols. 1–12, edited by Leslie Bethell (Cambridge, England, 1984–96). David Scott Palmer, Peru: The Authoritarian Tradition (New York, 1980) emphasizes mainly the twentieth century. Useful as well are David Werlich, Peru: A Short History (Carbondale, IL, 1978); Henry E. Dobyns and Paul L. Doughty, Peru: A Cultural History (New York, 1976); and Fredrick B. Pike, The Modern History of Peru (New York, 1967).

Two important works cast light on Peru in the late twentieth century: Maxwell A. Cameron and Phillip Mauceri (eds.), The Peruvian Labryinth: Polity, Society, Economy (University Park, PA, 1997), which serves as a worthy successor to Abraham Lowenthal's (ed.) highly influential The Peruvian Experiment: Continuity and Change under Military Rule (Princeton, NJ, 1975), and with Cynthia McClintock (eds.), The Peruvian Experiment Reconsidered (Princeton, NJ, 1983). Another excellent overview of the history, politics and economy by leading specialists is Rex Hudson (ed.), Peru: A Country Study (Washington, DC, 1993). Two useful, compact histories that also provide perspectives on the crisis of the late twentieth century are James D. Rudolph, Peru: The Evolution of a Crisis (Westport, CT, 1992), and Latin American Bureau, Peru: Paths to Poverty (London, 1985). Also valuable is Orin Starn et al., The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics (Durham, NC, 1995). Those who are interested in the Japanese presence and antecidents in Peru should consult Mary Fukumoto's comprehensive Hacia un nuevo sol: Japoneses y sus descendientes en el Peru: historia, cultura e identidad (Lima, 1997).

The most recent economic history is John Sheahan, Searching for a Better Society: The Peruvian Economy since 1950 (University Park, PA, 1999). The standard economic history is Rosemary Thorp and Geoffrey Bertram, Peru 1890–1977: Growth and Policy in an Open Economy (New York, 1978). It should be consulted in tandem with Efraín Gonzáles de Olarte (ed.), The Peruvian Economy and Structural Adjustment: Past, Present and Future (Miami, 1996). Richard Webb and Graciela Fernández (eds.) provide the necessary statistical data in Peró en nómeros 1997: anuario estadístico (Lima, 1997).

*Covers mainly books and important articles published in the last quarter century. for
earlier titles see Henry E. Dobyns and Paul L. Doughty, Peru: A Cultural History (New
York, 1976).

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