|•||To develop chemical warfare agents that could be used by security forces to control crowds;|
|•||To do research into offensive and defensive chemical and biological warfare;|
|•||To develop offensive chemical and biological weapons for operational use;|
|•||To develop defensive training programmes for troops;|
|•||To develop and manufacture protective clothing.2|
The South African Defence Force (SADF) philosophy with regard to chemical and biological warfare included “the right to reactively use nonlethal chemical warfare”, “the integration of chemical warfare into all conventional actions”, and “the acceptance of the use of chemical warfare on a proactive basis to ensure the survival of the state, for example, in
*Research findings of the Centre for Conflict Resolution's chemical and
biological warfare research project.