The front companies of Project Coast were designed to hide the military's involvement in chemical and biological warfare. It was argued that they would be able to procure equipment and substances more easily than official military structures, an appealing argument in the light of economic sanctions against South Africa. The use of front companies also allowed the scientists access to colleagues internationally180 and scientists could be attracted by the higher salaries offered at these institutions compared to the military.
Three front companies were authorised by the Minister of Defence. Delta G Scientific was to be the chemical warfare facility. Roodeplaat Research Laboratories (RRL) was to be the biological warfare facility and the evaluation and testing facility for the chemical agents produced at Delta G Scientific. Infladel was to be the administrative and finance company.181
Delta G Scientific and Roodeplaat Research Laboratories were the only two facilities where research and production of chemical and biological agents was carried out. It is extremely unlikely that any other facilities were used for this purpose under the auspices of Project Coast. The basis for this observation is that the audits of Project Coast show no significant amounts which could have been used for the purpose of large-scale production other than Delta G and RRL.
The scientific community in South Africa was small and the Afrikaans scientific community was a fraction of the broader scientific community. Word got around quickly and scientists soon knew what their colleagues were doing. Within this community it was an open secret that RRL was a biological warfare facility and Delta G a chemical warfare facility. Delta G was referred to jokingly as “the secretive organisation” (die geheimsinnige organisasie).182 Most of the scientists working within the front companies of the chemical and biological warfare programme retained their associations with their colleagues, mainly at the University of Pretoria, Rand Afrikaans