IN 1902, Princeton Theological Seminary's Benjamin B. Warfield, who was supposed to be writing an introduction to a volume on apologetics by Francis R. Beattie, a fellow American Presbyterian, made a few perfunctory remarks about Beattie and then quite gratuitously turned to a critique of another conservative Reformed theologian, Dr. Abraham Kuyper of the Netherlands. Warfield, a hard-hitting and sometimes brilliant polemicist in a day of increasingly polite theology, had by this time established his reputation, for better or worse, as the John L. Sullivan of the theological world. He was always ready to spar, even with a close theological ally such as Kuyper. Kuyper was a truly remarkable figure. In addition to being a first-rate theologian, he was a newspaper editor, the founder of a university, the organizer of a denomination, and ultimately prime minister of the Netherlands.
Despite his admiration for Kuyper, Warfield found the Dutch theologian's view of science (and hence his view of Christian apologetics) “a standing matter of surprise.” Kuyper denied that there was one unified science for the human race. Rather,