When attachment needs
In one of his last publications, Bowlby (1991) reflected on the ways in which research based on attachment theory has contributed to an understanding of personality development and psychopathology He stressed how an attachment-based approach can shed light on the importance of the human need for proximity and relatedness with others. And he emphasised the theory's ability to generate concern and insight about those individuals 'whose attachment needs have been and are still unmet' (p. 293).
This chapter explores the behavioural and emotional consequences for children whose attachments have been, or still are, significantly disturbed, disrupted or insecure. We consider ways in which therapeutic interventions and family support programs may assist the child with such an attachment history.
From the beginning, attachment theory has espoused a 'pathways' approach to development. That is, the potential life course of any individual is seen to consist of many possible trajectories or pathways,