1. Walt Whitman, “Song of the Open Road,” Leaves of Grass (New York: Library of America, 1996), 298.
2. Tom Lewis, Divided Highways: Building the Interstate Highways, Transforming American Life (New York: Penguin Books, 1997), xiv.
3. Jane Holtz Kay, for example, condemns “the maiming of America” after 1956, while James A. Dunn extols the interstates for the freedom and prosperity they've brought; Mike Bryan finds the “real America” along the West Texas interstates, while William Least Heat-Moon indicts the highways for the disappearance of that same “real America.” See Kay, Asphalt Nation: How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back(New York: Crown Publishers, 1997); Dunn, Driving Forces: The Automobile, Its Enemies, and the Politics of Mobility (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1998); Bryan, Uneasy Rider: The Interstate Way of Knowledge (New York: Vintage, 1998); and HeatMoon, Blue Highways: A Journey Into America (Boston: Back Bay Books, 1999). Other examples include William Kascynski, The American Highway: The History and Culture of Roads in the United States (Jefferson, NC: McFarland Publishers, 2000); James Howard Kunstler, The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline