Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions

By Saeed Parto; Brent Herbert-Copley | Go to book overview

7
Innovation on clean technology
through environmental policy:
Emergence of the ion exchange
membrane process in the Japanese chlor-alkali industry

Masaru Yarime

Responding to the serious concern with regard to the contamination of air, water and soil with pollutants such as non-degradable toxic metals, policymakers around the world have been introducing regulations with the aim of reducing emissions from industrial activity. While there has been a decline in emission rates of pollutants in recent years, reflecting the efforts devoted to pollution abatement in most industrialized countries, there is also a growing concern about the negative impacts of increasingly tightened environmental regulations on industry (Jaffe et al. 1995). It is argued that stringent environmental regulations force firms to invest in compliance at the expense of competitiveness against countries where regulations are lax. Environmental restrictions impose significant costs and slow productivity, and thereby hinder the ability of companies to compete in international markets (Palmer, Oates and Portney 1995). Theoretical analysis is often employed to show that environmental regulations reduce productivity by requiring firms to invest additional resources on pollution abatement and control without increasing production output.

From a different perspective, an increasing number of people claim that stringent environmental regulations actually enhance the competitive position of firms. They argue that the ever-increasing stringency of environmental regulations encourages firms to conduct more research and development (R&D) activities and, consequently, become more innovative in the long run (Porter and van der Linde 1995a). That is, the necessity to comply with environmental policy prompts companies to re-

-174-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 305

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.