Democratic Accountability and the Use of Force in International Law

By Charlotte Ku; Harold K. Jacobson | Go to book overview

12 France: Security Council legitimacy
and executive primacy

Yves Boyer, Serge Sur, and Olivier Fleurence


Introduction

France has always had a specific approach to the question of the legitimacy of international institutions using force, which can be explained by its historical experience, its place in the UN system as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UN SC), its status as a member of the nuclear club, and its constitutional system. These characteristics are reflected in the meaning generally given by the French to the notion of “accountability.” The word itself cannot be exactly translated into French: it is not “responsabilité” or “évaluation,” but something in between. Democratic accountability in France may be understood as follows: it is the process by which the legitimacy, on the one hand, and the effectiveness, on the other, of a public policy can be assessed.

Understanding accountability requires establishing a distinction between two different levels, the international one and the national (or domestic) one. At the international level, “accountability” means that one must address the legitimacy and the legality of decisions made by international institutions, as well as their ability to deal properly with the challenges involved, and the effectiveness of the corresponding measures and means used to deal with a given situation. At the domestic level, democratic accountability must be assessed with regard to constitutional provisions and practices related to the use of national military forces. In this respect, the Constitution of the Fifth Republic does not make a specific distinction between the unilateral use of French military forces and their use under international mandate or auspices.

Since the new international situation deriving from the end of the Cold War has made much more frequent the use of force internationally, the French were led to devise a specific typology describing the various uses of force internationally. Such categories as peacekeeping,

The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent those of the organi-
zations with which they are affiliated.

-280-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Democratic Accountability and the Use of Force in International Law
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 440

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.