HUMAN RIGHTS AND
The International Bill of Human Rights provides the core definition of human
rights law in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights.
Humanitarian law is principally based on the four Geneva Conventions of
1949 and two Protocols of 1977 relating to international and
non-international armed conflict.
There are certain very basic minimum rights which cannot be the subject
of suspension even during armed conflicts or other public emergencies; they are found
in Article 4 of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Common
Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions.
1. Every HRO should have a good knowledge of the rights guaranteed by international human rights and humanitarian law insofar as relevant to the mandate of the operation. This chapter provides the framework for international human rights and humanitarian law, clarifies sources and legal force of international norms, explains the link between human rights and humanitarian law, and discusses the relevance of such law to the work of HROs.