The human rights officer should analyse each violation (1) by identifying whether it fits
within the mandate of the human rights operation and (2) by breaking down the
definition of the particular right into its component elements to determine if it fits the
The human rights operation may need to prioritize its efforts not only as to the rights and
issues it will focus on, but even as to specific rights — particularly where there are a large
number of violations, for example, using a test case approach.
The human rights operation needs to prioritize its efforts for long-term results in
considering what it will leave in terms of human rights capacities and institutions when it
departs, so that it can help to build those institutions and capacities.
rights have been violated
1. Identifying violations is a crucial part of the HRO's job. If an incident qualifies under the definition of a particular human rights violation, further investigation and reporting should be done. Of course, different sorts of violations should produce appropriate responses, depending upon the mandate of the monitoring operation. For example, particularly serious violations such as arbitrary killings, torture and large scale forced evictions would ordinarily deserve particular attention and rapid follow-up.