Document and Citation Formats
This appendix furnishes a concise list of document and citation formats for three widely used academic styles: that of the Chicago Manual of Style (known as CMS, and common in the humanities), that of the Modern Language Association (MLA, common in literature), and that of the American Psychological Association (APA, common in the social sciences). The Nuts and Bolts website (www.nutsandboltsguide.com) has much more information and examples, especially about citing from the Internet and other electronic sources.
Essays should be stapled or paper-clipped in the upper left corner. Don't fold or tear pages to hold them together—that's like shouting, “This essay wasn't very important to me!”—not a message you want to send. Most college instructors don't like binders or plastic covers. Essays should be typed or printed on blank white 8V2” by 11” paper. Common fonts include 12-point Times Roman and Arial. Print in black ink.
Use one-inch margins on all sides (except for the page numbers). The essay should be double-spaced throughout (including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited, except where exceptions are noted below), with no blank lines between paragraphs. The first line of each new paragraph has a left-indent of a half-inch. Paragraphs are left-justified. In the days of typewriters and nonproportional fonts, it was common to put two spaces between sentences to improve readability. But if you print from a computer, just one space between sentences (and elsewhere) will work well (do a global search-and-replace when you're done, to get rid of the stray spaces that creep in).