Individualized Supports for Students with Problem Behaviors: Designing Positive Behavior Plans describes a process for developing individualized positive behavior supports (PBS) for students with disabilities who engage in problem behaviors. Many students with disabilities do not respond well to general school or classroom behavior management systems, which puts them at risk for exclusion from typical school experiences and settings. For these students, this book describes effective solutions through PBS. PBS is first and foremost about understanding the student and identifying environmental “reasons” or determinants for problem behavior through a process called functional assessment. Once the student and his or her challenging behaviors are understood, PBS involves developing individualized interventions that change problem contexts and teach the student alternative skills for dealing with problem situations. PBS is effective because it directly alters those conditions that contribute to a student's problem behavior. In addition, it creates comprehensive lifestyle supports to effect long-term change and student and family satisfaction over time. Currently, PBS has a substantial research base demonstrating its effectiveness among students with diverse disabilities and problem behaviors across a variety of school, home, and community settings.