Individualized Supports for Students with Problem Behaviors: Designing Positive Behavior Plans

By Linda M. Bambara; Lee Kern | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 8
Antecedent and Setting
Event Interventions

LEE KERN
SHELLEY CLARKE

This chapter addresses the first component of a positive behavior support (PBS) plan: antecedent and setting event interventions. As discussed throughout this book, interventions for problem behavior have long focused on reactive strategies alone, usually in the form of punishment, that are implemented after problem behaviors occur. Only recently have the value and importance of antecedent and setting event interventions been fully appreciated. The strength of these approaches lies in their ability to prevent problem behaviors from occurring. Such an outcome is beneficial not only to the student (whose behavior may cause self-harm, isolation, stigmatization, and the like), but also to others (who may experience environmental disturbance, intrusion, or injury resulting from disruptive and aggressive acts). Furthermore, reducing problem behavior through prevention provides opportunities to teach new and alternative skills—a task that is virtually impossible amidst problem behaviors. In this chapter, we first provide a definition and overview of antecedent and setting event interventions. We then give descriptions of numerous types of antecedent interventions that have been documented in the research literature to effectively reduce challenging behavior. Embedded are strategies for selecting anteced-

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