Gandhi as Leader:
Nonviolence in Power
The task before nationalists is clear.
They have to win over by their
genuine love all minorities including
Englishmen. Indian nationalism, if it is
to remain non-violent, cannot be
By 1920, Gandhi's confidence in his method and mission had reached a high peak and on September 4, at a Special Session of the Indian Congress in Calcutta, he presented for adoption his idea of satyagraha against the Government. This method, set forth in the “Resolution on Nonco-operation,” signified far more than just another Congress attempt at redress of grievances. It meant open rebellion.2 As he said in moving the resolution, the step marked “a definite change in the policy which the country has hitherto adopted for the vindication of the rights that belong to it, and its honor.”3 The resolution was approved, and with it not only was a radical shift in national policy sanctioned but also a new leadership was created. Gandhi directed the satyagraha: it embodied, he told the Congress, “the results of my many years' of practical experience in non-co-operation.”4