1. M. K. Gandhi, The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi[hereafter, CWMG], Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, 1961, 10, p. 64; and M. K. Gandhi, Hind Swarajya (Ahmedabad, Navijivan, Prakashan Mandir Publishing House), 1979, p. 269–271. The latter is a photostatic copy of Gandhi's original handwritten text in Gujarati. The present author is indebted to Pyarelal Nayar, D. G. Dave, and Sita N. Kapadia for their assistance in translating and interpreting the Gujarati text, and for the former's interpretation of satyagraha as “power.” Although Gandhi himself translated satyagraha as “truth-force,” it is suggested here that “power” is a preferable translation because “force” is often associated with violence. The specific identification of satyagraha as a form of power accords with the valuable analysis of power in Gene Sharp, The Politics of Nonviolent Action (Boston: Porter Sargent, 1973), pp. 3–48. See Gandhi's discussion of power in Pyarelal, Mahatma Gandhi: The Last Phase, vol. 2 (Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1958), pp. 630–633.
2. CWMG 83: 180
3. CWMGtf: 263–264.
4. The Sanskrit pronoun sva means “own, one's own, my own, or self.” (Sir M. Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, New Edition, Oxford, Clarendon, 1899, pp. 1275– 1276). Thus sva-rajas used in Vedic texts signified “self-ruling,” “self-