Abhaya: Fearlessness. A vital component of Gandhi's thought because he stressed courage as an indispensable element of satyagraha.
Ahimsa: Nonviolence, conceived as both a personal and a political value as an active agent of change.
Ashram: Spiritual community. Gandhi established ashrams in Sabarmati (near Ahmedabad) in Gujarat and in Sevagram (near Wardha) in Maharashtra.
Atman: The Universal self.
Bania: Subcaste to which Gandhi belonged, within the vaishya social order in the system of four varnas.
Bapu: “Father,” a general term of affection and respect often applied to Gandhi.
Bhagavad-Gita (often shortened to Gita): A philosophical dialogue and sacred text of Hinduism that had a profound influence on Gandhi.
Brahmacharya: Vow of celibacy. Taken by Gandhi in 1906 to signify devotion to God, self-discipline, and commitment to public service.
Charka: Spinning wheel, promoted by Gandhi in his effort to spread the use of khadi.
Communalism: Conflict and intolerance among religious communities of Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs.
Dandi: Village on the shores of Gujarat on the coast of western India. Here, Gandhi's “march to the sea,” or salt march, ended.