Zhuangzi: Basic Writings

By Burton Watson; Zhuangzi | Go to book overview

MASTERING LIFE
(SECTION 19)

He who has mastered the true nature of life does not labor over what life cannot do. He who has mastered the true nature of fate does not labor over what knowledge cannot change. He who wants to nourish his body must first of all turn to things. And yet it is possible to have more than enough things and for the body still to go unnourished. He who has life must first of all see to it that it does not leave the body. And yet it is possible for life never to leave the body and still fail to be preserved. The coming of life cannot be fended off, its departure cannot be stopped. How pitiful the men of the world, who think that simply nourishing the body is enough to preserve life! Then why is what the world does worth doing? It may not be worth doing, and yet it cannot be left undone—this is unavoidable.

He who wants to avoid doing anything for his body had best abandon the world. By abandoning the world, he can be without entanglements. Being without entanglements, he can be upright and calm. Being upright and calm, he can be born again with others. Being born again, he can come close [to the Way].

But why is abandoning the affairs of the world worthwhile, and why is forgetting life worthwhile? If you abandon the affairs

-121-

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Zhuangzi: Basic Writings
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Free and Easy Wandering - (Section I) 23
  • Discussion on Making All Things Equal - (Section 2) 31
  • The Secret of Caring for Life1 - (Section 3) 45
  • In the World of Men - (Section 4) 49
  • The Sign of Virtue Complete - (Section 5) 63
  • The Great and Venerable Teacher - (Section 6) 73
  • Fit for Emperors and Kings - (Section 7) 89
  • Autumn Floods - (Section 17) 97
  • Supreme Happiness - (Section 18) 113
  • Mastering Life - (Section 19) 121
  • External Things - (Section 26) 133
  • Index 143
  • Other Works in the Columbia Asian 153
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