We are grateful to the following for permission to use photographs and previously published material in this work.
African American Museum in Philadelphia
Bethune Council House National Historic Site, National Park Service
Black Star Publishers
Highlander Research and Education Center
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundation
“Closed Doors,” by Mary McLeod Bethune. Reprint by permission of Bethune Cookman College, Daytona Beach Florida.
Excerpt from “The Second Sermon on the Warpland,” by Gwendolyn Brooks. Reprint by permission of Gwendolyn Brooks.
Excerpt from “Joanne Is You and Joanne Is Me,” lyrics composed by Bernice Johnson Reagon, Songtalk Publishing Co., copyright 1975. Reprint by permission of Bernice Johnson Reagon.
“'Tired of Giving In': The Launching of the Montgomery Bus Boycott,” excerpt from Rosa Parks: My Story, by Rosa Parks with James Haskins, copyright 1992 by Rosa Parks. Reprint by permission of Dial Books for Young Readers, a division of Penguin Putnam.