In September 2003, the British-Israeli scholar Ephraim Karsh published a brief monograph entitled “The Oslo War—Anatomy of Self-Delusion” under the auspices of the BESA Center at Bar-Ilan University.
As the title implies, the author draws a direct connection between the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993 and the violence of the years 2000–2003. According to Karsh, Arafat had been seeking to establish a territorial base on the West Bank and in Gaza since 1968, from which he would be able to wage a campaign for Israel's destruction. The architects of the Oslo Accords therefore played into his hands, providing him with the territorial base he needed to launch the September 2000 offensive.
In the monograph's conclusion, Karsh asserts that “the Oslo Process was the single gravest strategic error committed by an Israeli government since the establishment of the state. Precisely twenty years after the failure to identify Anwar Sadat's willingness to take the path of