|•||The area: cognitive psychology aims to explain our behaviour by viewing it in terms of what is going on in our minds (our mental processes).|
|•||The research: do leading questions affect how well we remember an event we have seen?|
Cognitive psychologists are interested in how our mental processes work and how our behaviour relates to how these operate. Cognitive psychology examines how we take in information from the world around us and how we mentally process this information in order to make a response, such as an action or emotion. Cognitive psychology investigates such areas as memory, perception, thinking, language, attention, problem-solving, decision-making and artificial intelligence.
Interest in cognitive psychology began to grow during World War Two, when the need to understand how cognitive processes, such as attention, work then became important for applications such as efficient aircraft cockpit design. Behaviourism was the dominant approach in experimental psychology from 1913 to the 1950s, but it was replaced by cognitive psychology in the 1950s. This 'cognitive revolution' occurred as a reaction against behaviourism's sole focus on only observable behaviours. Cognitive psychologists were interested in the processes going on in our minds, which are not directly observable. The beginning of the cognitive revolution is pinpointed to a meeting held in 1956 which featured some of the most influential names in cognitive psychology, such as George Miller and Noam Chomsky. Miller was also