1. Peter Cain and Tony Hopkins, British Imperialism 1688–2000, 2nd edition (London: Longman, 2001), 85. See also, Nicholas Owen, The British Left and India: Metropolitan Anti-Imperialism, 1885–1947(Oxford: 2007) 2–5.
2. Chicago Defender, August 14, 1937, 1. The Defender's London office noted that such exclusion from hotels was also common in Paris, where white American tourists made the same demands. See also William Henry Heard, From Slavery to the Bishopric in theAME (New York; Arno Press of the New York Times, 1969); New York Times, August 8, 1937, 29; and August 9, 1934. Temple served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1943 until his death in 1944. See John Kent, William Temple: Church, State and Society in Britain, 1880–1950 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992) and Temple's anti-fascist Christianity and the Social Order (New York: Penguin, 1942) and The Church Looks Forward (New York: Moorehouse-Gorham Co., 1942), which includes Stafford Cripps, “The Challenge of Christianity,” 26–35.
3. Simon to Du Bois, February 28, 1938, in Hebert Aptheker, ed., The Correspondence of W.E.B. Du Bois, Vol. II, Selections, 1934–1944(Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1976), 159–60. John Simon received correspondence from a London hotel proprietor á propos of the Heard coverage, advising him that such practices were prevalent in London shops and other Edinburgh hotels, citing the cases of Asian clients. See, MSS Brit. EMP. S. 25 Bremner to Simon, August 9, 1937, University of Oxford, Rhodes House, Lady Simon Papers (LSP).
4. Heard, op. cit, 60.
5. See, James A. Miller, Susan D. Pennybacker, and Eve Rosenhaft, “Mother Ada Wright and the International Campaign to 'Free the Scottsboro Boys,' 1931–34,” American Historical Review, April 2001, 387–430.
6. George Padmore, Pan-Africanism or Communism?: The Coming Struggle for Africa(New York: Ray, 1956).
7. Gerhard Hirschfeld, ed., Exile in Great Britain: Refugees from Hitler's Germany (Leamington Spa, England: Berg, 1984), 2.
8. World Committee for the Victims of German Fascism, The Brown Book of the Hitler Terror and the Burning of the Reichstag (London: Gollancz, 1933).
9. The rally was at Queen's Hall, July 6, 1938. See Daily Worker, July 9, 1938.
10. Gordon Brown, Maxton/Gordon Brown (Edinburgh: Mainstream, 2002, 2nd edition). Important works include Peter Clarke, Hope and Glory: Britain, 1900–2000, 2nd edition, Penguin History of Britain (London: Penguin, 2004) and The Cripps Version: A Life of Sir Stafford Cripps, 1889–1952 (London: Penguin, 2003); R.A.C. Parker, Churchill and Appeasement (Papermac, 2001); Roy Jenkins, Churchill: A Biography (London: Macmillan, 2001); and, Susan Pedersen, Eleanor Rathb one and the Politics of Conscience (New Haven: Yale, 2004).
11. See Stephen Howe, Anti-Colonialism in British Politics: The Left and the End of Empire, 1918–1964 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1993); Penny M.