Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750

By Jonathan I. Israel | Go to book overview

Plates

(Between pages 394 and 395)

1. Benedict de Spinoza (1632–1677). Anonymous portrait. (By courtesy of the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel)

2. The ancient Greek philosopher, Epicurus (341–270BC), founder of the Epicurean tradition in classical and modern thought. Marble portrait bust. (By courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris)

3. René Descartes (1596–1650). Copy of a portrait by Frans Hals. (By courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris)

4. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716). Engraved portrait. (By courtesy of the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel)

5. Philosophy and the French Catholic Church: Bishop Jacques Bénigne Bossuet (1627–1704). Full-length portrait in oils by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659–1753). (By courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris)

6. Philosophy and the French nobility: 'Le Grand Condé', Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé. Bronze portrait bust by Antoine Coysevox (1640–1720). (By courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris)

7. 'Miracles made manifest': the Miracle at Pentecost. Painting by Jean Restout (1692–1768). (By courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris)

8. Women and philosophy: Princess Sophia of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, friend of Leibniz. (By courtesy of Phillips International Auctioneers, London)

9. Philosophy and sexuality: Adriaen Beverland (1650–1716) with an emancipated lady friend. (Double portrait of about 1678 by Arie de Vois (1632–1680). (By courtesy of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)

10. The 'Universal Library': the celebrated early eighteenth-century Rotunda of the Bibliotheca Augustiniana at Wolfenbüttel. (By courtesy of the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel)

11. The 'crisis of the universities': commemorative medal by J. Drappentier issued to mark the first centenary of the now rapidly shrinking University of Utrecht (1736). (By courtesy of Laurens Schulman B. V, Bussum)

12. The Dutch book auction catalogue: the frontispiece of the sale catalogue of the library of Gisbertus Cuperus auctioned in 1717.

13. The erudite journals: the frontispiece of the periodical L'Europe Savante (1718–1720) published at The Hague.

14. 'Monarchy overturned”: the frontispiece of the fiercely republican Aanwysing (1669) by Pieter de la Court (1618–1685). (By courtesy of the Amsterdam University Library)

-xv-

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