The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 3
THE LAWS OF WAR ON LAND

Manual published by the Institute of International Law (Oxford Manual) Adopted by the Institute of International Law at Oxford, 9 September 1880

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Institute of International Law, founded in 1873, is a scientific association composed of a fixed number of members and associates of different nations. Its objective is to aid the growth of international law by endeavouring to state the general principles of the science of international law and by giving assistance to the gradual and progressive codification of international law. The Manual reprinted below was drafted by Gustave Moynier and unanimously adopted by the Institute. Its purpose is stated in the preface. (See also the note on the Brussels Conference, No. 2.)

AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The English translation below is reprinted from Scott, Resolutions of the Institute of International Law, pp. 26–42.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Annuaire de l'Institut de Droit international, Vol. V (1881–1882), pp. 156–174 (French); Annuaire de l'Institut de Droit international, édition abrégée, Vol. I, pp. 707–727 (French); Institut de Droit international, Tableau général des résolutions (1873–1956), publié par Hans Wehberg, Bâle, 1957, pp. 180–198 (French); Scott, Resolutions of the Institute of International Law, pp. 26–42 (Engl.); Deltenre, pp. 635–665 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 33–47 (French); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Articles
Preface
Part I. General principles1-6
Part II. Application of general principles
I. Hostilities
A. Rules of conduct with regard to individuals
(a) Inoffensive populations7
(b) Means of injuring the enemy8-9
(c) The sick and wounded, and the sanitary service10-18
(d) The dead19-20
(e) Who may be made prisoners of war21-22
(f) Spies23-26
(g) Parlementaires27-31
B. Rules of conduct with regard to things
(a) Means of injuring - bombardment32-34
(b) Sanitary material35-40
II. Occupied territory
A. Definition41
B. Rules of conduct with respect to persons42-49

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