The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 11
DECLARATION (IV, 3) CONCERNING EXPANDING
BULLETS

Signed at The Hague, 29 July 1899

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Like the Declaration of St. Petersburg of 1868, the Hague Declaration (IV, 3) of 1899 gives expression, with regard to a particular bullet, to the customary rule prohibiting the use of weapons that cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering. The Declaration is aimed at the Dum-Dum bullet, which is so called after the arsenal near Calcutta where the bullet was first made.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 4 September 1900.

AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The English translation below is reprinted from Scott, Hague Conventions, pp. 227-228. It reproduces the translation of the United States Department of State.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Conférence internationale de la Paix 1899, pp. 254-255 (French); Les deux Conférences de la Paix, p. 44 (French); Scott, Hague Conventions, pp. 227-228 (Engl.); Scott, Les Conventions de La Haye, pp. 227-228 (French); Scott, Les Conférences de La Haye, p. 28 (French); Martens, NRGT, 2ème série, Vol. XXVI, pp. 998-1002 (French, German); Deltenre, pp. 138-141 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); Olivart, Vol. XII, pp. 643-646 (French, Span.); International Red Cross Handbook, 1983, p. 321 (Engl. extract); Manual de la Cruz Roja internacional, 1983, p. 325 (Span. - extract); Manuel de la Croix-Rouge internationale, 1983, p. 333 (French - extract); Handbook of the International Movement, 1994, p. 298 (Engl.); Manuel du Mouvement international, 1994, p. 310 (French); Manual del Movimiento internacional, 1994, p. 302 (Span.); GBTS, 1907, No. 32 (Engl., French); BFSP, Vol. 91, 1898–1899, pp. 1014-1016 (French); CTS, Vol. 187, 1898–1899, pp. 459-461 (French); Higgins, pp. 491-492 (Engl., French); AJIL, Vol. 1, 1907, Suppl., pp. 157-159 (Engl., French); Friedman, pp. 247-248 (Engl.); Roberts and Guelff, pp. 63-66 (Engl.); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 109-112 (French); De Clercq, Vol. XXI, pp. 741-743 (French); Bustamante, pp. 232-234 (Span.); Korovin, p. 369 (Russ.); Mezhdunarodnoe pravo, Vol. III, p. 39 (Russ.); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.

The undersigned, Plenipotentiaries of the Powers represented at the International Peace Conference at The Hague, duly authorized to that effect by their Governments, inspired by the sentiments which found expression in the Declaration of St. Petersburg of 29 November [11 December] 1868, Declare as follows:

-99-

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