The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 22
CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE
DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, STOCKPILING AND
USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND ON THEIR
DESTRUCTION

Done at Paris on 13 January 1993

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Geneva Protocol of 1925 (No. 13)prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons but places no restriction on the production or possession of such weapons. From 1946 on, the UN General Assembly and the different organs of disarmament examined the possibility of reinforcing and enlarging the prohibition. In 1971, the multinational Conference on Disarmament decided to separate the negotiations on biological weapons from those on chemical weapons. This made it possible to adopt the Convention on the Prohibition of Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction in 1972 (No. 16). Negotiations on chemical weapons continued. A conference of the states parties to the 1925 Geneva Protocol, held in Paris from 7 to 11 January 1989, stressed the determination of the participating states to prevent any recourse to chemical weapons by completely eliminating them. In 1991, the UN General Assembly strongly urged the Conference on Disarmament to resolve outstanding issues so as to achieve a final agreement during its 1992 session (resolution 46/35 C of 6 December 1991). On 3 September 1992, the Conference adopted the report of the Special Committee, which, in its appendix, contains the draft convention. By resolution 47/39 of 30 November 1992 the UN General Assembly endorsed the draft convention by consensus and welcomed the invitation by the President of the French Republic to a ceremony of signature of the Convention on 13 January 1993. The Convention was opened for signature on that date.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 29 April 1997.

AUTHENTIC TEXTS: Arabic, Chinese, Engl., French, Russ., Span. The text below is reprinted from the Report of the Conference on Disarmament, General Assembly Official Records, Forty-Seventh Session, Supplement No. 27 (A/47/27), pp. 107–274.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: United Nations, Report of the Conference on Disarmament, General Assembly Official Records, Forty-seventh session, Supplement No. 27 (A/47/27), pp. 107–274 (Engl. — see also the Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish versions); Document of the Conference on Disarmament CD/CW/ WP.400/Rev. 2 (Engl., French); Status of Multilateral Arms Regulation and Disarmament Agreements, 4th edn., 1992, Vol. 2, New York, United Nations, 1993 (E.03.IX.11 (Vol. 2)), pp. 113–282 (Engl.); United Nations website: http:// untreaty.un.org; http://disarmament.un.org/TreatyStatus.nsf; ICRC web site: www. icrc.org/ihl.nsf (Engl., French); OPCW web site: www.opcw. nl/ptshome.htm (Engl., French, Span.); ILM, Vol. 32, 1993, pp. 800–873 (Engl.); Droit des conflits armÉs, pp. 223–273 (French).

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