The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 23
CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE,
STOCKPILING, PRODUCTION AND TRANSFER OF
ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES AND ON THEIR
DESTRUCTION

Adopted at Oslo on 18 September 1997

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The amended Protocol II on prohibitions or restrictions on the use of mines, booby-traps and other devices (No. 20, Annex, of 3 May 1996), did not meet the expectations of those who aimed at a total prohibition of anti-personnel land mines. The problem of diese weapons — of which more than 100 million are scattered in many states mat had experienced civil wars, killing about 800 people every month — had still to be resolved. On the initiative of the Canadian government, the states interested in a total prohibition of anti-personnel land mines met in Ottawa from 3 to 5 October 1996. Following further meetings, a diplomatic conference took place in Oslo from 1 to 18 September 1997, which adopted the present Convention (often called the “Ottawa Convention”).

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 1 March 1999.

AUTHENTIC TEXTS: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish. TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Conference of Disarmament CD/1478 (Arabic, Chinese, Engl. French, Russ., Span.); ILM, Vol. 36, 1997, pp. 1509–1519 (Engl.); IRRC, Vol. 37, 1997, pp. 563–578 (Engl.); RICR, Vol. 79, 1997, No. 827, pp. 603–619 (French); RICR(Span.), 1997, (Span.); Roberts and Guelff, pp. 645–666 (Engl.). ICRC website: http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf (Engl., French); UN website: http://untreaty.un.org; http://disarmament.un.org/TreatyStatus.nsf; GRIP data: www.ib.be/grip/bdg/gl653.html (Engl., French).

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Articles
Preamble
General obligations1
Definitions2
Exceptions3
Destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines4
Destruction of anti-personnel mines in mined areas5
International cooperation and assistance6
Transparency measures7
Facilitation and clarification of compliance8
National implementation measures9
Settlement of disputes10
Meetings of the States Parties11

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