The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 30
DRAFT RULES FOR THE LIMITATION OF THE
DANGERS INCURRED BY THE CIVILIAN
POPULATION IN TIME OF WAR

International Committee of the Red Cross, 1956

INTRODUCTORY NOTE. The International Committee of the Red Cross, convinced that the existing conventions did not provide sufficient protection of the civilian population against indiscriminate warfare, drafted the rules reprinted below. They were approved by the XIXth International Conference of the Red Cross in New Delhi in 1957 and thereupon submitted to the governments for examination. As there was virtually no response from governments, no further action was taken with a view to adopting a convention on the basis of this draft. However, the draft had some influence on the later attempts to define and develop the international law relating to armed conflicts. To a large extent, its provisions correspond to customary international law.

AUTHENTIC TEXT: French.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Draft Rules for the Limitation of the Dangers Incurred by the Civilian Population in Time of War, 2nd edn., Geneva, International Committee of the Red Cross, 1958 (Engl., French, German and Spanish editions); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 311–317 (French); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Articles
Chapter I. Object and Field of Application
Object1
Field of application2
Definition of term “attacks”3
Definition of term “civilian population”4
Relation with previous Conventions5
Chapter II. Objectives Barred from Attack
Immunity of the civilian population6
Limitation of objectives which may be attacked7
Chapter III. Precautions in Attacks on Military Objectives
Precautions to be taken in planning attacks8
Precautions to be taken in carrying out the attack9
Target-area bombing10
“Passive” precautions11
Civil Defence bodies12
Intentional exposure to danger13
Chapter IV. Weapons with Uncontrollable Effects
Prohibited methods of warfare14
Safety measures and devices15
Chapter V. Special Cases
“Open towns”16
Installations containing dangerous forces17

-339-

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