The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 31
PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN POPULATIONS AGAINST
THE DANGERS OF INDISCRIMINATE WARFARE
Resolution XXVIII adopted by the XXth international Conference of the Red Cross, Vienna, 1965INTRODUCTORY NOTE: This resolution is of importance in view of its restatement of four principles of international law which are to be observed in case of armed conflict. The resolution was affirmed by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 2444 (XXIII) of 19 December 1968 (No. 33).AUTHENTIC TEXT: French (English being recognized as a working language at the Conference).TEXT PUBLISHED IN: XXth International Conference of the Red Cross, Report, Vienna, 2–9 October 1965, Neue Hofburg, pp. 108–109 (Engl.); XXe Conférence Internationale de la Croix-Rouge, Compte Rendu, Vienne, 2–9 Octobre 1965, Neue Hofburg, pp. 110–111 (French); XX Conferencia Internacional de la Cruz Roja, Informe Final, Viena, 2 al 9 de Octubre de 1965, Neue Hofburg, p. 114 (Span.); International Red Cross Handbook, 1983, pp. 626–627 (Engl.); Manuel de la Croix-Rouge internationale, 1983, pp. 647–648 (French); Manual de la Cruz Roja internacional, 1983, pp. 634–635 (Span.); Handbook of the International Movement, 1994, pp. 773–774 (Engl.); Manuel du Mouvement internacional, 1994, pp. 793–794 (French); Manual del Movimiento internacional, 1994, pp. 798–799 (Span); XXth International Conference of the Red Cross, Vienna, October 1965, Resolutions, pp. 21–23 (English, French, German and Spanish editions); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 319–320 (French).The XXth International Conference of the Red Cross,in its endeavours for the protection of the civilian populations, reaffirms Resolution No. XVIII of the XVIIIth International Conference of the Red Cross (Toronto, 1952), which, in consideration of Resolution No. XXIV of the XVIIth International Conference of the Red Cross (Stockholm, 1948) requested Governments to agree, within the framework of general disarmament, to a plan for the international control of atomic energy which would ensure the prohibition of atomic weapons and the use of atomic energy solely for peaceful purposes,thanks the International Committee of the Red Cross for the initiative taken and the comprehensive work done by it in defining and further developing international humanitarian law in this sphere,states that indiscriminate warfare constitutes a danger to the civilian population and the future of civilization,solemnly declares that all Governments and other authorities responsible for action in armed conflicts should conform at least to the following principles:
- that the right of parties to a conflict to adopt means of injuring the enemy is not unlimited;
- that it is prohibited to launch attacks against the civilian population as such;

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