BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR THE PROTECTION OF
CIVILIAN POPULATIONS IN ARMED CONFLICTS
Resolution 2675 (XXV) of the United Nations General Assembly adopted on 9 December 1970
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: After the adoption of Resolution 2444 (XXIII) in 1968 (No. 31), which invited the Secretary-General, in consultation with the International Committee of the Red Cross and other appropriate international organizations, to study steps for the better application of existing conventions and the need for additional conventions, the General Assembly adopted further resolutions concerning human rights in armed conflicts every year. Most of these have a procedural character only or call upon states to apply existing conventions in particular situations. The following resolution restates rules of international law.
AUTHENTIC TEXTS: Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish.
TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Resolutions adopted by the General Assembly during its Twenty-fifth Session, 15 September-17 December 1970, General Assembly Official Records: Twenty-fifth Session Supplement No. 28 (A/8028), New York, United Nations, 1971, pp. 76 (Engl. — see also Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish editions); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 329–330 (French).
The General Assembly,
Noting that in the present century the international community has accepted an increased role and new responsibilities for the alleviation of human suffering in any form and in particular during armed conflicts,
Recalling that to this end a series of international instruments has been adopted, including the four Geneva Conventions of 1949,
Recalling further to resolution 2444 (XXIII) of 19 December 1968 on respect for human rights in armed conflicts,
Bearing in mind the need for measures to ensure the better protection of human rights in armed conflicts of all types,
Noting with appreciation the work that is being undertaken in this respect by the International Committee of the Red Cross,
Noting with appreciation the reports of the Secretary-General on respect for human rights in armed conflicts,
Convinced that civilian populations are in special need of increased protection in time of armed conflicts,
Recognizing the importance of the strict application of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,
Affirms the following basic principles for the protection of civilian populations in armed conflicts, without prejudice to their future elaboration within