ADDITIONAL ARTICLES RELATING TO THE
CONDITION OF THE WOUNDED IN WAR
Signed at Geneva, 20 October 1868
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Additional Articles of 1868 were adopted at a Diplomatic Conference convened by the Swiss Federal Council in Geneva in order to clarify some provisions of the Geneva Convention of 1864 and, particularly, to extend to naval forces the advantages of this Convention. They failed, however, to secure any ratifications and never entered into force. Nevertheless, in the Franco-German War of 1870–71 and in the Spanish-American War of 1898 the parties agreed to observe their provisions. It was not before the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899 that a Convention for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention was finally adopted (No. 40).
ENTRY INTO FORCE: Did not enter into force.
AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The translation below is reprinted from Edward Hertslet, The Map of Europe by Treaty, Vol. III, London, Butterworths, 1875, pp. 1853–1859.
TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Projet d'Articles additionels à la Convention du 22 ao t 1864 pour l'amélioration du sort des militaires blessés dans les armées en campagne, Geneva, 1868 (French); Martens, NRGT, 1ère série, Vol. XVIII, pp. 612–619 (French); Deltenre, pp. 41–47 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); CTS, Vol. 138, 1868–1869, pp. 189–194 (French); Droits des conflits armés, pp. 347–351 (French); Edward Hertslet, The Map of Europe by Treaty, Vol. III, London, Butterworths, 1875, pp. 1853–1859 (Engl.); BFSP, Vol. 73, 1881–1882, pp. 1113–1123 (Engl., French); Higgins, pp. 14–17 (Engl.); US Statutes at Large, Vol. 22, pp. 946–951 (Engl., French); Malloy, Vol. II. p. 1907 (Engl.); Les deux Conférences de la Paix, pp. 179–181 (French); Genet, pp. 517–520 (French); Heffter-Taube, pp. 101–104 (Russ.); I.A. Ivanovskii, Zhenevskaya konventsiya 10/22 avgusta 1864, Kiev, 1884, pp. 56–61 (Russ.); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.
[List of contracting parties]
Desiring to extend to naval forces the advantages of the Convention concluded at Geneva on 22 August 1864, for the amelioration of the condition of wounded soldiers in armies in the field, and to further particularize some of the stipulations of the said Convention, have named for their Commissioners:
[Here follow the names of plenipotentiaries]
Who, having been duly authorized to that effect, agreed, under reserve of approbation from their governments, on the following dispositions: