CONVENTION (III) FOR THE ADAPTATION TO
MARITIME WARFARE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF
THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF 22 AUGUST 1864
Signed at The Hague, 29 July 1899
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Additional Articles to the Geneva Convention, which were drafted in 1868 in order to adapt the principles of the Geneva Convention to sea warfare (No. 39), failed to secure any ratifications. It was not before the end of the nineteenth century that the question of the revision of the Geneva Convention and especially of the adoption of supplementary articles concerning sea warfare gained new support. The International Committee of the Red Cross, at the request of the Swiss Federal Council, prepared a new draft, but before a diplomatic conference could be convened at Geneva, the Czar of Russia took the initiative to convene the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899 and proposed as one of the subjects the “adaptation to naval war of the stipulations of the Geneva Convention of 1864”. The Convention which was adopted at The Hague in 1899 was replaced by the Hague Convention (X) of 1907 (No. 43). It is no longer in force.
ENTRY INTO FORCE: 4 September 1900. No longer in force.
AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The translation below is reprinted from Scott, Hague Conventions, pp. 163–181. It reproduces the translation of the United States Department of State.
TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Conférence internationale de la Paix, 1899, pp. 235–238 (French); Les deux Conférences de la Paix, pp. 39–42 (French); Scott, Hague Conventions, pp. 163–181 (Engl.); Scott, Les Conventions de La Haye, pp. 163–181 (French); Scott, Les Conférences de La Haye, pp. 24–26 (French); Bustamante, pp. 203–208 (Span.); Martens, NRGT, 2ème série, Vol. XXVI, pp. 979–993 (French, German); Deltenre, pp. 124–133 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); Olivart, Vol. XII, pp. 626–637 (French, Span.); CTS, Vol. 187, 1898–1899, pp. 443–452 (French); Handbook of the International Red Cross, 1953, pp. 11–15 (Engl.); Manuel de la Croix-Rouge internationale, 1953, pp. 15–19 (French); Manual de la Cruz Roja internacional, 1953, pp. 11–15 (Span.); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 353–359 (French); GBTS, 1901, No. 10, Cd. 799 (Engl., French); BFSP, Vol. 91, 1898–1899, pp. 1002–1010 (French); US Statutes at Large, Vol. 32, pp. 1827–1838 (Engl., French); Malloy, Vol. II, pp. 2035–2042 (Engl); Bevans, Vol. I, pp. 263–269 (Engl.); AJIL, Vol. 1, 1907, Suppl. pp. 159–166 (Engl., French). Friedman, pp. 236–243 (Engl.); Arellano, pp. 357–359 (Span.—extract); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.