CONVENTION FOR THE AMELIORATION OF THE
CONDITION OF THE WOUNDED AND SICK IN
ARMIES IN THE FIELD
Signed at Geneva, 27 July 1929
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Convention on the wounded and sick of 1929 represents the third version of the Geneva Convention after those of 1864 and 1906 (see Nos. 38 and 42). It was based on the experience of World War I. The alterations that were adopted were of lesser importance than those of 1906. The division into chapter and articles remained essentially unchanged. New provisions were inserted concerning the protection of medical aircraft and the use of the distinctive emblem in time of peace. Furthermore, the emblems of the red crescent and of the red lion and sun were recognized for countries which already used those signs in place of the red cross. The provision concerning repatriation of the seriously wounded and seriously sick prisoners were transferred to the Convention on prisoners of war.
The Convention of 1929 was replaced by the Geneva Convention (I) of 1949 (No. 49).
ENTRY INTO FORCE: 19 June 1931.
AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The translation below is reprinted from LNTS, Vol. 118, pp. 303–341.
TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Actes de la Conférence diplomatique convoquée par le Conseil fédéral suisse pour la révision de la Convention du 6 juillet 1906 pour l'amélioration du sort des blessés et malades dans les armées en campagne et pour l'élaboration d'une Convention relative au traitement des prisonniers de guerre et réunie à Genève du 1 au 27 juillet 1929, Genève 1930, pp. 655–680 (French); LNTS, Vol. 118, pp. 303–341, No. 2733 (Eng., French); Martens, NRGT, 3ème série, Vol. XXX, pp. 827–846 (French); Deltenre, pp. 460–489 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); Hudson, Vol. V, pp. 1–20 (Engl., French); Fontes Historiae Juris Gentium, Vol. III/2, pp. 1202–1211 (Engl., French, German - extract); Handbook of the International Red Cross, 1953, pp. 59–70 (Engl.); Manuel de la Croix-Rouge internationale, 1953, pp. 64–70 (French); Manual de la Cruz Roja internacional, 1953, pp. 61–72 (Span.); GBTS, 1931, No. 36, Cmd. 3940 (Engl., French); Wilson-Tucker, pp. cxxxIv-cxIIv (Engl.); US Statutes at Large, Vol. 47, pp. 2074–2101 (Engl., French); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 397–413 (French); Malloy, Vol. IV, pp. 5209–5223 (Engl.); Bevans, Vol. II, pp. 965–982 (Engl.); AJIL, Vol. 27, 1933, Suppl., pp. 43–59 (Engl.); Friedman, pp. 471–487 (Engl.); Sobranie zakonov, 10 March 1932, No. 4, Vol. II, No. 60, 1932 (Russ.); Arellano, pp. 388–390 (Span.—extracts); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.