The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 46
CONVENTION RELATIVE TO THE TREATMENT OF
PRISONERS OF WAR

Signed at Geneva, 27 July 1929

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Provisions concerning the treatment of prisoners of war are contained in the Hague Regulations of 1899 and 1907 (Nos. 7 and 8). In the course of World War I they proved to be insufficient. Their deficiencies could partly be overcome by special agreements made by belligerents in Berne in 1917 and 1918. In 1921, the International Red Cross Conference held at Geneva expressed the wish that a special convention on the treatment of prisoners of war be adopted. The International Committee of the Red Cross drew up a draft convention which was submitted to the Diplomatic Conference convened at Geneva in 1929.

The Convention does not replace but only completes the provisions of the Hague Regulations. The most important innovations consisted in the prohibition of reprisals and collective penalties, the organization of prisoners' work, the designation, by the prisoners, of representatives and the control exercised by protecting powers.

The Convention of 1929 was replaced by the Geneva Convention (III) of 1949 (see No. 51).

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 19 June 1931.

AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The translation below is reprinted from LNTS, Vol. 118, pp. 343–411.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Actes de la Conférence diplomatique convoquée par le Conseil fédéral suisse pour la révision de la Convention du 6 juillet 1906 pour l'amélioration du sort des blessés et malades dans les armées en campagne et pour l'élaboration d'une convention relative au traitement des prisonniers de guerre et réunie à Genève du 1 au 27 juillet 1929, Genève 1930, pp. 681–724 (French); LNTS, Vol. 118, pp. 343–11, No. 2734 (Engl., French); Martens, NRGT, 3ème série, Vol. XXX, pp. 846–881 (French); Deltenre, pp. 490-557 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); Hudson, Vol. V, pp. 20–63 (Engl., French); Fontes Historiae Juris Gentium, Vol. III/2, pp. 1201–1202 (Engl., French, German—extract); Handbook of the International Red Cross, 1953, pp. 71–97 (Engl.); Manuel de la Croix-Rouge internationale, 1953, pp. 77–106 (French); Manual de la Cruz Roja internacional, 1953, pp. 73–102 (Span.); GBTS, 1931, Vol. 37, Cmd. 3941 (Engl., French); BFSP, Vol. 130, pp. 239–265 (French); US Statutes at Large, Vol. 47, pp. 2021–2073 (Engl., French); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 415–447 (French); Malloy, Vol. IV, pp. 5524–5250 (Engl.); Bevans, Vol. II, pp. 932-964 (Engl.); AJIL, Vol. 27, 1933, Supp., pp. 59–91 (Engl.); Friedman, pp. 488–522 (Engl.); Arellano, pp. 390–394 (Span.- extract); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf.

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